Guest post via OptDyn Co-CEO/Founder Alex Karasulu, CMO Sally Khudairi, and Subutai Community Manager Felipe Fonseca
How to select the right wireless router for you
What is a Wireless Router?
A wireless router is a tool that connects to your own home or workplace modem, so you may additionally join multiple devices, normally stressed and wi-fi on your net connection at the same time. Beyond the primary provider of the wireless network within your property or office, there are numerous extra capabilities which ought to be taken into consideration while looking at buying a new wireless router. Please see below for the most commonplace functions of wi-fi routers, and examine on for certain motives of what the one’s features are, and how they will benefit you.
The variety of a wireless router is a measurement of how a long way (generally in toes) the signal of the router will tour. This size is commonly decided in a lab-type placing so that you can usually assume a little much less range when putting one up in your private home or workplace. Many various things will have an effect on the variety of your router, from the physical placement close to a wall or window to interference from different devices which includes cordless telephones or child monitors. Most appropriate wireless routers are capable of broadcasting your sign to a number around one hundred fifty feet indoors, assuming common household situations.
Certain wi-fi routers like the D-Link DIR-655 are capable of signal range as much as 300 toes in your property, again – assuming best situations. A range will also be affected by the kind of antenna the router makes use of to broadcast the wi-fi sign. For more information about how antenna design affects wi-fi signal, see the antenna section underneath.
Single Band or Dual Band
When seeking out a wi-fi router, you’ll encounter two different types – single band and twin band. The ‘band’ is the wireless frequency at which your wi-fi router outputs its’ sign, and will both be 2.4 of 5GHz (Gigahertz). As you would possibly have guessed, twin band routers will broadcast your wi-fi sign on both the two.4GHz and 5GHz bands, therefore supplying you with an improved and excellent signal.
Although a dual-band router will allow you more alternatives for turning in wi-fi sign in your property or office, the 5GHz sign frequency has some caveats. Firstly, the 5GHz frequency may not let your wireless internet signal journey as a way as a 2.4GHz frequency signal will. Since most commonplace family appliances don’t operate within the 5GHz frequency range, you may run into less interference that’s exceptional, however, you won’t be able to take advantage of that signal from too a long way away. The different drawback to this is that no longer all wireless devices are able to accept a 5GHz wireless signal, so no longer each device you very own can take benefit of the introduced frequency.
If you have numerous other wireless devices in your property or live in a crowded vicinity, you’ll need to choose a wi-fi router with twin band. The drought level of sign fine will assist to supply your wireless net signal on your computer or telephone without getting blended up with the rest of the alerts moving thru the airwaves. Picking a router that offers dual-band era is suggested – Although not every tool can take benefit of the 5GHz band, having each band broadcast means you will be able to serve up a wi-fi signal regardless of what’s connecting on your router.
A, B, G, N
Wireless signals come in a few specific requirements, regarded generally as 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g, and 802.11n. As the letter receives higher, the signal quality will increase, with n being the newest preferred in the wireless generation. Most new devices might be able to connect through 802.11n, but you’ll want to make sure while putting in the wireless router that you can account for older devices you can have as well. Since a few gadgets still use the older however more popular 802.11g popular, you’ll want to make certain you could broadcast both the new 802.11n signal, as well as the older 802.11g, and past.
802.11a – 802.11a is an IEEE wireless networking widespread that specifies the most data switch charge of 54Mbps and a running frequency of 5GHz.
802.11b – 802.11b is an IEEE wireless networking fashionable that specifies a maximum records transfer rate of 11Mbps and a running frequency of two.4GHz.
802.11g – 802.11g, is an IEEE wireless networking standard that specifies a most records transfer charge of 54Mbps and a running frequency of 2.4GHz.
802.11n – 802.11n is an IEEE wi-fi networking standard the specifies the most statistics switch rate of as much as 540Mbps and a utilizes MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technologies to growth sign great.
When you are setting up a wi-fi community at your home or office, you need to make sure you’re taking your wireless safety significantly. Picking a wi-fi router this is able to enforce the popular safety protocols will make certain that you may set up a relaxed wi-fi community that may not depart you vulnerable.
The most commonplace types of wireless security protocols are WEP, WPA, & WPA2. Each offers certain advantages and requires a special sort of passcode to permit access.
WEP – WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a safety protocol for wireless networks which could defend records thru encryption over radio waves the usage of point-to-point transmission. A pre-shared key (PSK), or passcode, is used to allow communication among the wi-fi router and the endpoint (your laptop or computer).
WPA – WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is similar to WEP, however, WPA, in addition, protects your wireless facts transmission thru encryption. WPA makes use of a key much like WEP, however, the advantage of using WPA over WEP is that the key is mechanically encrypted, making that much tougher in your passcode to be decoded.
WPA2 – WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access 2) is much like WPA, but geared closer to humans requiring the highest stage of wireless security. WPA2 gives a far more potent encryption carrier with the aid of the use of AES or Advanced Encryption Standard.
Most wi-fi routers in the marketplace nowadays will provide WEP, WPA, and WPA2, with a few routers adding additional levels of security. When it comes to preserving your wi-fi community comfortable, it’ll come down to your implementation of safety features extra so than which router you select to buy.
Some wi-fi routers together with the Netgear WNDR4500 include a USB port that may be used for delivered functionality. You can choose to connect the Netgear WNDR4500’s USB port to a USB thumb drive to easily percentage files for your network(additionally called NAS – Network Attached Storage), or maybe hook up a printer immediately to the router, and then get admission to that printer wirelessly from any laptop or laptop related on your wireless network. Even if you do not have a direct want for this functionality right now, if you could, select a router that has a USB port on it. Always future proof on every occasion you could!